Cyber Operations in Antagonistic Environments

In this course the cyber domain is problematised in order for you to be able to describe and discuss threats, risks and events

The course starts with an introduction to computers and networks in order to provide a common frame of reference for the remainder of the course. The second part of the course deals with the Internet, automated systems and the actors that operate in the cyber environment. The distinctive features of the cyber domain compared to traditional military methods are highlighted.

The course consists of two modules. Introduction to Computers and Networks (1.5 credits) and Cyber Operations (6 credits).

Module 1, Introduction to Computers and Networks

  1. Basic concepts and operating principles for computers and networks.

Module 2, Cyber Operations

  1. Function and Governance of the Internet.
  2. Threats, risks and opportunities regarding automated systems.
  3. The main actors and their general approach to cyber operations.

After completing the course, you will be able to:

  • explain basic concepts and methods for computers and networks as well as operating principles for the Internet;
  • describe the processes and organizations that govern the Internet;
  • describe and discuss automated technical systems from a vulnerability and user perspective;
  • describe and discuss different actors' actions in the cyber domain.

Teaching takes the form of lectures, self-study, laboratory work and seminars.


Advanced level





Start week

Week 40

End week

Week 44


A bachelor’s degree with a minimum of 180 credits, including a minimum of 90 credits in the field of defence, crisis management and security, alternatively, a bachelor’s degree in Engineering or equivalent.

Form of teaching




Study pace



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Education at the Swedish Defence University

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Published 2020-03-02 Updated 2022-04-20